My Recent Experience With Florida's Workers' Compensation EMA (Expert Medical Advisor) Law (Statute 440.13(9))
While it's bad enough that the employer/carrier ("E/C") get to hand pick the injured worker's treating doctors, Section 440.13(9)(c) Florida Statutes (2013) gives them a free shot at defeating opinions they oppose. My recent experience demonstrates the point.
In pertinent part, Section 440.13(9)(c) provides:
If there is disagreement in the opinions of the health care providers, if two health care providers disagree on medical evidence supporting the employee's complaints or the need for additional medical treatment, or if two health care providers disagree that the employee is able to return to work, the department may, and the judge of compensation claims shall, upon his or her own motion or within 15 days after receipt of a written request by either the injured employee, the employer, or the carrier, order the injured employee to be evaluated by an expert medical advisor. The opinion of the expert medical advisor is presumed to be correct unless there is clear and convincing evidence to the contrary as determined by the judge of compensation claims.My client claimed to have hurt his back while trying to lift a roll of tarpaper from the floor of a van. Unbeknownst to him, the tarpaper had melted in the hot sun and stuck to adjacent rolls, causing unexpected resistance during the attempted lift. He felt the immediate onset of intense back pain.
Initially, E/C sent him to a workers' compensation clinic. A lumbar spine MRI was ordered. The diagnostic test revealed a disc herniation at L5-S1 along with bony degenerative changes. The herniation caused the clinic doctor to prescribe a consultation with an orthopedist. The orthopedist, chosen, of course, by the E/C, opined that the incident was the major contributing cause ("MCC") of the disc herniation. He also decided that his patient might benefit from surgery, so he sent him to an orthopedic surgeon, again chosen by the E/C. The surgeon, Jonathan Hyde, M.D., performed a comprehensive physical examination, took a thorough medical history, and personally reviewed the MRI images (as opposed to simply relying on the radiologist's report). He, too, opined that the incident was the MCC of the disc herniation. He prescribed physical therapy and medicine, and later performed an epidural steroid injection. When none of the conservative approaches worked, he recommended surgery consisting of a "trans-facet decompressive laminectomy approach followed by a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion." A surgery date was scheduled for one month later.
Up to this point the E/C had been covering all of the medical care, including the epidural injection. However, it refused to authorize the expensive surgery. Its response was to challenge the treating doctors' MCC opinions.
E/C went out and hired a well-known insurance company doctor to perform a so-called "IME." This doctor had not done back surgery since 1979, had not written any articles or given any lectures on the subject of herniated discs or the type of surgery that had been recommended. His CV was only four pages long. In contrast, Dr. Hyde's CV was some thirty pages long, with entry after entry of articles and lectures on the subjects at issue. He specialized in diagnosing and treating disc herniations. In short, E/C's IME is a hired gun, Dr. Hyde is a top gun.